• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Study of music of poems in Amaagh Bokhara i’s poetry court
        mousa karami abdolkarim zarheshi
        Abstract: The secret of the permanence of poetic speech should be explored in various dimensions and with different approaches. One of these dimensions is the study of "poetry music" with an aesthetic approach. One of the branches of music of poetry is its inner and th Full Text
        Abstract: The secret of the permanence of poetic speech should be explored in various dimensions and with different approaches. One of these dimensions is the study of "poetry music" with an aesthetic approach. One of the branches of music of poetry is its inner and thought music. The inner music is figures of Speech such as: "repetition, paronomasia, adornment, parallelism, epanorthosis, anadiplosis, etc." and thought music includes: "contrast, proportion, ambiguity, allusion, exaggeration, sensuality, etc.). This descriptive and analytical research seeks to study various types of inner and thought music of Amaq Bukhari’s poems as an outstanding poet. As a result, in the internal music section, the "repetition" has the highest frequency with 52% and the “around similarity" (Tasbigh) has the lowest frequency with 1.8%. Also, in the thought music section, the “Observance of peers “(Correlation) has the highest frequency with 34.8% and the lowest frequency with 0.14% of that array is "question and answer". Examining the frequency of all kinds of figures of speech and figures of thought in Bukhari's poetry, points out his unpretentiousness in a poet and shows that he is not an industrial poet and his music is the result of his poetry and not the other way around. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Content Analysis of Cloudy Years Novel
        maryam mohammadzadeh jamileh khaknejad
        Due to this fact that content analysis is the process of evaluating the literary works from two perspectives of theme and topic; in this study, we analyzed the content of the “Cloudy Years” novel in order to introduce Iranian fictional literature, that its numerous dim Full Text
        Due to this fact that content analysis is the process of evaluating the literary works from two perspectives of theme and topic; in this study, we analyzed the content of the “Cloudy Years” novel in order to introduce Iranian fictional literature, that its numerous dimensions are still unclear. Findings show that the socialism and belief in social commitment as the primary function of art and literature have led Ali Ashraf Darvishian -contemporary popular and committed author- to follow them in most of his works in order to consider the meaning related contents and contexts in his stories that. The main subject of cloudy years is political struggle and in terms of the theme it can be investigated from several political, social and historical aspects. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Traditional stylistic approaches in Khamseh Nezami
        mohammad karimi sharareh elhami
        Style and stylistics is one of the topics in the field of literature and literary criticism, which is also related to the history of literature and linguistics. Therefore, the stylistic study of literary texts and prose and the views of poets and writers is of particu Full Text
        Style and stylistics is one of the topics in the field of literature and literary criticism, which is also related to the history of literature and linguistics. Therefore, the stylistic study of literary texts and prose and the views of poets and writers is of particular importance that has always been the focus of scholars and researchers of past and present times. In this article, using library resources and analytical-descriptive method, after defining the terms and approaches of traditional stylistics and its subsets (sham, emotional, expressive and formative stylistics), evidence of the effects of Khamseh Nezami Ganjaei Let us bring and in this way examine his new and new views and perspectives on poetry, based on those approaches. The findings show that Nezami Ganjaei is a prominent and stylistic poet who had his own poetic style. He is creative in creating special and new compounds (derivation and compounding), inventing new meanings and new themes, paying attention to descriptions, depicting beautiful and precise details and descriptions, choosing appropriate words and arrangements in the axis of companionship and substitution, using similes and Pleasant metaphors, eloquence, appropriateness and repetition have taken initiatives And by norm-breaking, he has found his own way of expression (personal style) and has established his new style and new style, and during the time, he has also found many followers and imitators. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Deception and concealment in the story of Rostam and Sohrab of Shahnameh
        Mohammad akbar sepahi Saeed  Damani
        Abstract Shahnameh is the most famous epic work in Iran. Works such as Shahnameh, along with the narration of heroic stories, by performing norms and anomalies in front of each other, also perform the task of teaching virtues. The story of the battle of Rostam and Sohr Full Text
        Abstract Shahnameh is the most famous epic work in Iran. Works such as Shahnameh, along with the narration of heroic stories, by performing norms and anomalies in front of each other, also perform the task of teaching virtues. The story of the battle of Rostam and Sohrab, although a small part of the Shahnameh, is one of the most famous stories in this book. This article looks at the story of Rostam and Sohrab Shahnameh Ferdowsi from the perspective of educational literature and the topic of truthfulness. At a glance, To the story of Rostam and Sohrab, Appears from the beginning and end of the story, The reader thinks that Ferdowsi, like many people of that time, considers destiny without the active role of man as the most important cause of the tragedy of Sohrab's death, But with a closer look at the story, It seems that Ferdowsi, in arranging the conversations of the characters in this story, shows that everyone is involved in hiding the truth. And their work has gone hand in hand with concealing the truth, leading to disaster Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Negating the Attribution of Ajaib al-Donya to Abu’l-Moʾayyad Balkhi According to Historical and Textual Evidence
        Radman Rasooli Mehrabani MohammadJavad Ahmadizade
        There are two scholarly viewpoints regarding the book Ajaib al-Donya: some consider it a rewritten version of the book Ajaib al-bar Va’lbahr by Abu’l-Moʾayyad Balkhi, and others consider it an independent book, merely one of its sources being a book by Abu’l-Moʾayyad Ba Full Text
        There are two scholarly viewpoints regarding the book Ajaib al-Donya: some consider it a rewritten version of the book Ajaib al-bar Va’lbahr by Abu’l-Moʾayyad Balkhi, and others consider it an independent book, merely one of its sources being a book by Abu’l-Moʾayyad Balkhi. According to the information presented at the beginning and introduction of the three surviving manuscripts, the style of writing of the text, and the information given in Tarikh-e Sistan about Abu’l-Moʾayyad, besides what the author of Ajaib al-Donya implies about himself throughout the anecdotes, and finally, regarding the resemblance between the anecdotes in this book and those of Garšāsp-nama, this study shows that Ajaib al-Donya is not a rewritten version of the book of Abu’l-Moʾayyad; it is rather an independent book and merely one of the sources used by its author, Ibn Muhadith Tabrizi, was a book by Abu’l-Moʾayyad, most possibly Garšāsp-nama, and that Ibn Muhadith, while quoting from Abu’l-Moʾayyad, has also quoted from others, including Najib Hamedani, with a similar structure. Since the text of the introduction has been lost over time, it seems probable that the author's explanations about Abu’l-Moʾayyad Abu Motiʿ al-Balkhi at the beginning of the first surviving anecdote were mistaken to be the introduction of the book and later, according to some quotations from Abu’l-Moʾayyad in Ajaib al-Donya, and due to Abu’l-Moʾayyad’s fame, the book was attributed to him. The reference to the name “Abu’l-Moʾayyad Abu Motiʿ al-Balkhi” in one of the manuscripts is the proof of this dispute. All of the other arguments offered by different scholars in attributing this work to Abu’l-Moʾayyad bear various weak points and shortcomings. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - A descriptive study of ethics education in Ferdowsi Shahnameh based on Bozorgmehr assemblies
        niloofar sadat abdollahi
        Ferdowsi's Shahnameh is one of the leading texts of Persian literature, which also expresses educational and moral concepts in the form of stories. Therefore, some parts of Shahnameh, such as educational literature texts, have educational uses. One of these sections is Full Text
        Ferdowsi's Shahnameh is one of the leading texts of Persian literature, which also expresses educational and moral concepts in the form of stories. Therefore, some parts of Shahnameh, such as educational literature texts, have educational uses. One of these sections is the Bozorgmehr assemblies during the reign of Noushinravan. Assembly is one of the methods of admonition that is commonly used in the court of kings and at the head of it was a wise person who benefited the audience with his advice and his advice was recorded for the benefit of others. Bozorgmehr's advice on the subject of individual and social ethics is expressed in a codified way and using the techniques of eloquence that influence his speech. In this article, we have divided and analyzed the content of Bozorgmehr meetings with a descriptive view. We have also expressed the educational status of educational ethics and ethics education in Shahnameh. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Critique of the translation of Hafez Shavarbi poem from Hafez's first and third lyric poems based on Gideon Tori's model
        fazel abbaszade
        Abstract Many of the outstanding works of Persian literature have been translated into Arabic; Among these works is the translation of Hafez's Divan, translated into Arabic by the powerful Egyptian translator Amin al-Shawarbi. This translation has translated fourteen o Full Text
        Abstract Many of the outstanding works of Persian literature have been translated into Arabic; Among these works is the translation of Hafez's Divan, translated into Arabic by the powerful Egyptian translator Amin al-Shawarbi. This translation has translated fourteen of Shiva Khajeh Shirazi's lyric poems into poems and translated the rest into prose. Given the difficulty of translating poetry and the lack of balance between the source text and the destination text, it is necessary to evaluate such translations with destination-oriented approaches, according to which Gideon Tori's model and theory are based on this approach. In this theory, translation and its constructive and destructive changes are examined in several layers. Thus, the present study, considering the difficulty of translating the poem and the special importance of Hafez's sonnets, which have a different language and interpretation, examines the translation of the poem "Amin Al-Shorabi" from the first sonnet (Ala or Ayha Al-Saqi ...) and the third. (If it leaves Shirazi ...) Hafez, in the light of Gideon's touristic vision, pays attention. Findings show that the translation of the poet's work is very difficult, which causes a lot of slips, Amin al-Shawarbi has done a commendable job, and the slips of his poetic translation are in line with Gideon's network's destination orientation theory. Gives some differences to the translator, it's small. But these translations, in some cases, have destructive changes, destroying the beauty of the text and reversing the meanings and content of the verses, which cannot be easily overlooked. Manuscript Document