• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Literary position of Hatefi in contemporary research
        seyedali keramatimoqadam seyedamene hoseyni
        Hatefi Khargerdi one of the great poets of the Timuri period. He finished Pre-primary education in Khargerd. then He went to Herat and for many years he was a student of Abdul Rahman Jami. he was in his care and education. Although at the beginning imposed from poets Full Text
        Hatefi Khargerdi one of the great poets of the Timuri period. He finished Pre-primary education in Khargerd. then He went to Herat and for many years he was a student of Abdul Rahman Jami. he was in his care and education. Although at the beginning imposed from poets such as Ferdowsi and nezami and created his works by imitating them But he was able to take initiatives. Hatefi's literary creativity in poetry has made him one of the prominent poets of the ninth and tenth centuries of Herat and one of the most talented poets. Although Hatefi was a great poet and he was famous in his time but in recent years researchers have paid less attention to the literary position of Hatefi. Now the question is: Researchers in recent times in their works what is the place for a hatefi? and what image they have drawn from him in the minds of the readers? This research has been criticized articles that are written about Hatefi in the recent period. In the following is described Hatefi position of literary based on the discussed issues in contemporary research. Manuscript Document
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        2 - Historical analysis of Hafez's sonnets, during the reign of Shah Sheikh Abu Ishaq Inju
        Ali mohammadi amirafshin farhadiyan
        No text, as a phenomenon, is free from the influence of external elements, and without a doubt, social and political events are among the most important and effective external factors. The historical approach to Hafiz's poetry, although less well known, can help to unde Full Text
        No text, as a phenomenon, is free from the influence of external elements, and without a doubt, social and political events are among the most important and effective external factors. The historical approach to Hafiz's poetry, although less well known, can help to understand many of the difficult, ambiguous, and seemingly scattered aspects of his poetry, relying on recorded historical facts. Among the important historical events of Hafiz's era, the events of the end of the reign of Shah Sheikh Abu Ishaq Inju, due to its profound impact on Hafiz and the change in his life path, have a special place. There was a deep friendship between Hafez and Shah Abu Ishaq, who was a chivalrous and lavish and who respected the people of grace and art, and his reign over Shiraz was one of the best days of Hafez's life. After the defeat of Shah Inju by Amir Mobarez al-Din Mohammad Mozaffari, the page of the time suddenly returned and the poet's dark days came. Undoubtedly, this change and the revolution of the time had a strong reflection in Hafez's poems, which used poetry as a tool to express ideas, positions, and even struggles. Hafez scholars who have reflected the political and historical events of HafIz's time in his works have considered a total of 50 lyric poems to be related to the end of Abu Ishaq's work. We have arranged these poems in order of utilization of the consensus of researchers, from the highest to the lowest, and after confronting each other, we have analyzed the opinions of each and its correspondence with the recorded historical events of that time. Manuscript Document
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        3 - بررسی درون¬مایه¬های آموزشی- مهارتی و تربیتی- اخلاقی داستان¬های منتخب کودک ایران و جهان
        sajad najafi behzadi fateme salehi
        انتخاب نوع درون¬مایه داستان¬های کودک و نوجوان از اهمیت زیادی برخوردار است. آنچه از روزگار گذشته تا اکنون در داستان¬های کودکان دیده می¬شود، درون¬مایه¬های اخلاقی و تربیتی است. این نوع درون¬مایه¬ها دارای پیام¬های ارزشمندی هستند که کودک را در رشد و تعالی اخلاقی یاری می¬دهند Full Text
        انتخاب نوع درون¬مایه داستان¬های کودک و نوجوان از اهمیت زیادی برخوردار است. آنچه از روزگار گذشته تا اکنون در داستان¬های کودکان دیده می¬شود، درون¬مایه¬های اخلاقی و تربیتی است. این نوع درون¬مایه¬ها دارای پیام¬های ارزشمندی هستند که کودک را در رشد و تعالی اخلاقی یاری می¬دهند. کودک امروز علاوه بر مسایل اخلاقی و تربیتی، به آموزش مهارت¬های زندگی نیز نیاز دارد. هدف این جستار بررسی و تحلیل درون¬مایه¬های تربیتی، اخلاقی و مهارتی داستان¬های منتخب کودک ایران و جهان است. روش تحقیق به صورت تحلیل محتوا و شیوه گردآوری اطلاعات نیز اسنادی و کتابخانه¬ای است. آثار بررسی شده از داستان¬های منتخب کودکان و از انتشارات کانون پرورش فکری کودک و نوجوان هستند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که با بررسی درون¬مایه 45 داستان منتخب از 30 نویسنده کودک ایران و جهان، درون¬مایه¬های تربیتی و اخلاقی و مهارتی به ترتیب بیشترین کاربرد را داشته¬اند. شیوه ارائه درون¬مایه در اغلب اثار بررسی شده به شکل غیر مستقیم بوده که از ویژگی¬های مثبت داستان¬ها به شمار می¬رود. Manuscript Document
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        4 - Investigating and Analyzing Theatrical Abilities in Ancient Persian Literature and Prose Literature
        hamzeh  mohammadi dahcheshmeh shima karbasi
        Iranian literature is one of the hallmarks of Iran's long-standing civilization that embodies the customs and art of this land.The play is also a literary genre that has long been prevalent in the culture of this land and has remained in the form of mourning, surrealism Full Text
        Iranian literature is one of the hallmarks of Iran's long-standing civilization that embodies the customs and art of this land.The play is also a literary genre that has long been prevalent in the culture of this land and has remained in the form of mourning, surrealism,glorifying dances,painting,similitude and ta'ziyeh and more.Ancient Persian literature cannot be regarded as a stand-alone literature,but since ancient Persian literature and art have the same source,It can be said that the writings of the Iranian artist's literatures have been marked by the art of the show,and the dramatic literature has long been synonymous with other arts such as music and painting alongside literature.Persian literature is illustrative and meaningful and encourages the audience to visualize the text in order to get better And it is from this that an artistic interaction is formed between the writer and the reader,and by the act of reading and performing them,the dramatic capacity of the works is manifested.There is no doubt that ancient literature is the basis for the"representation of species"which can be seen in many works such as the works of the military,Attar,Rumi,Ferdowsi,Beihaqi, oufi, Tasuji and others.Since the play is the home of world media and one of the best known ways of enriching Iranian literature;The present study seeks to examine the dramatic capabilities of such works that remain anonymous and a powerful tool for the representation of Iranian history, art, culture and thought And express the place of these works in the field of theatrical literature. Manuscript Document
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        5 - 1 The poet's mission in the literary theory of Hakim Nezami Ganjavi
        mehdi okhravi
        Hakim Nezami Ganjavi is one of the thinkers who has a specific style and idea for his artistic and poetic activities. And clearly expresses his beliefs and convictions in any field. In today's hustle and bustle of literary schools about the mission of poetry, the poet p Full Text
        Hakim Nezami Ganjavi is one of the thinkers who has a specific style and idea for his artistic and poetic activities. And clearly expresses his beliefs and convictions in any field. In today's hustle and bustle of literary schools about the mission of poetry, the poet pays close attention to a literary perspective such as Nezami. And expresses the precise thoughts of a classical and ideological poet, as an intellectual and philosophical structure alongside the early and late literary schools, and shows the position of the content of the word and the mission of the orator in a particular period. Our task in this research is to extract and compile Hakim Ganjeh's view on the poet's mission, within the intellectual framework of Ganjavi and his temporal and spatial realm. Examining the direct and sometimes indirect allusions of the poet through his works throughout Khamseh and Divan, showed well that he has a great mission for the heavenly essence of poetry, which prevents the poet from absurdity, linguistic style and nonsense. . He considers the most important missions of the poet to be hope, happiness, religiosity, knowledge, honor of speech, spreading wisdom, cultivating religion and praising God, and explains the importance of each in his own style and manner. Manuscript Document
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        6 - Mystical secrets and expressive secrets in Rumi's Masnavi
        fazel abbaszade Mehrdad Aghaei
        At the beginning of the Masnavi, Rumi describes the mystical thirst for the separation of the spiritual soul from its origin with the sorrowful language of the reed, with the heartfelt melody and sincere sighs of the reed. This letter is an excerpt from the six books Full Text
        At the beginning of the Masnavi, Rumi describes the mystical thirst for the separation of the spiritual soul from its origin with the sorrowful language of the reed, with the heartfelt melody and sincere sighs of the reed. This letter is an excerpt from the six books of the spiritual Masnavi and also an explicit proof of all the poems of this literary and mystical treasure, which paints a picture of separation and mourning from the very beginning. The point to be considered is the meaning of the words "anecdote" and "complaint" in the first verse of Masnavi, which has been described by several commentators and each of them has had a specific interpretation of it. This article intends to evaluate and critique some of the meanings proposed by a number of commentators by descriptive-analytical method and in proving the alleged meanings and concepts, the subject is divided into two axes: the vertical context of the letter and the proportional and contradictory context of the word. Discuss and analyze with mystical houses, valleys and authorities. The results of the research indicate that the mystical topics in any literary work, including the spiritual Masnavi, are so extensive and rich in content that everyone can understand it to the best of their knowledge. The concept of "complaint" in the letter is not a protest complaint expressed by some commentators, but "disgust" of separation, "description of the pain of longing" and "lamentation" and romantic prayers that Rumi in the vertical axis of its poetry. Has decrypted. Manuscript Document
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        7 - The Bibliography of Houshang Moradi Kermani’s Works
        Farshad Eskandari Sharafi Ali Bazvand
        Houshang Moradi Kermani is a well-known writer and stylist in Iran who has had a profound effect on flourishing modern juvenile literature producing an abundant of unique works. Indeed, he tries to depict juvenile world, their issues and concerns in life. The current st Full Text
        Houshang Moradi Kermani is a well-known writer and stylist in Iran who has had a profound effect on flourishing modern juvenile literature producing an abundant of unique works. Indeed, he tries to depict juvenile world, their issues and concerns in life. The current study, which is a kind of descriptive-analytic ones applying library sources, aims to both present a brief biography of this writer and investigate his works in juvenile literature comprehensively. The findings reveal that he has produced 8 story collections, 10 novels, 1 autobiography, 3 plays, 3 scenarios, and 3 literary messages during his five decades of writing and literary activity. Most of these works are translated into different languages including German, English, French, Arabic, Chinese, etc. winning various national and international rewards. Besides, there are various movies, TV series, and animations produced based on his scenarios. In terms of different age range for juveniles, his works are appropriate for age groups “D”, “H”, “G” and “B” respectively. Moreover, adults can sometimes be the audience of his works. “Majid Stories” is the most well-known work in juvenile literature due to being broadcasted on TV and radio and published several times as books. Having the highest number of translation versions and winning international rewards, “khomre” is the wolrd’s most famous Iranian work in juvenile literature. Manuscript Document