• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The conceptual metaphor and socio-political discourse of Samad Behrangi (A case study of the " Beetroot boy " story)
        DR abolfazl ghanizadeh
        Metaphor is the mapping between the corresponding realms (origin and destination) in the conceptual system. Metaphor using primary, secondary and final validation as well as persuasive power, by enhancing knowledge confidence in metaphorical cognitive system, using sou Full Text
        Metaphor is the mapping between the corresponding realms (origin and destination) in the conceptual system. Metaphor using primary, secondary and final validation as well as persuasive power, by enhancing knowledge confidence in metaphorical cognitive system, using source domain and employing effective communication channel, as well as adhering to textural indices and applying rhetorical auxiliary strategies to development and enhancement. The semantic coefficient (conceptualization and discourse) of the text helps. The present study examines the persuasive role of Samad Behrangi as a metaphor in the creation of socio-political discourse in "The Little Boy's Story". After presenting a brief introduction to the research concepts and explaining the persuasive role of metaphor in producing socio-political discourse The story concludes that the source (intuitive) source of Samad Behrangi's metaphors in "The Little Boy's Tale" is the cruelty of the target and the scope of the social inequality and the overwhelming class distances stemming from the social-democratic political system. By producing these mappings in public opinion, the author contributes to the development of social justice by changing the ruling system of society. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Stylistic analysis of Akhavan's poems
        Mahin Zendedel Seyyed Mahmoud Reza Gheibi
        Stylistics normally involves the analysis of the linguistic, semantic, and ideological features of a literary text. Mahdi Akhavane Sales, as a prominent figure of the contemporary Persian literature, with piles of knowledge on classic literature, turned to modern poetry Full Text
        Stylistics normally involves the analysis of the linguistic, semantic, and ideological features of a literary text. Mahdi Akhavane Sales, as a prominent figure of the contemporary Persian literature, with piles of knowledge on classic literature, turned to modern poetry, and with his unique poetic style he proved that composing in vain of modern poetry is not due to his inability in following classical poetry. To provide a better understanding of the Khurasani poet’s unique achievements, this study conducted a stylistic analysis on his collected poems in linguistic, literary and ideological levels. The study attempted to determine these features along with some concerned examples. Archaism, novelty of allocation, applying symbolic language, being under the impacts of Khurasani style, applying meticulous rhetorical figures and epic tone in poems of this great poet, are the most outstanding conclusions of this survey. Ideological level, linguistic level and literary level of Akhavan’s poems has been analyzed in this study Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - A study of imagery innovation in Fazel Nazari poems based on natural images
        sohila ebrahimzadeh razieh aqazadeh
        Contemporary poets have been aware that art with initiative and innovation has a double emotional impact and imitation and repetition is the death of art. One of the components of poetry that is an arena for displaying innovation and provides an opportunity for the eme Full Text
        Contemporary poets have been aware that art with initiative and innovation has a double emotional impact and imitation and repetition is the death of art. One of the components of poetry that is an arena for displaying innovation and provides an opportunity for the emergence of individual poetry of each poet the images are poetic and nature and natural elements are resources which has always been considered in poetic illustration. Fazel Nazari is one of the contemporary modernist poets which explores the natural elements to create new images by punctuation and narrow-mindedness and with an emphasis on personal perspective and climatic elements, creates amazing and unique images. Contemporary poets have been aware that art with innovation has a double emotional impact and imitation is the death of art. One of the components of poetry that is an arena for displaying innovation and provides an opportunity for the emergence of individual poetry of each poet the images are poetic and nature and natural elements are resources which has always been considered in poetic illustration. Fazel Nazari is one of the contemporary modernist poets which explores the natural elements to create new images by punctuation and narrow-mindedness and with an emphasis on personal perspective and climatic elements, creates amazing and unique images. In the present study, after studying the published works this poet it was found that Fazel is an illustrator poet. He with depth and accuracy discovers different features of a natural phenomenon, then he remembers and finds a connection between itself and those natural phenomena and with his artistic creativity, he creates a new image. Moon and Pond and Swamp, Waves, Rocks and Rivers, Pomegranate and Desert which is one of the climatic elements around it and … they are repetitive images which has been considered by this poet from various angles and are formed to express the poet's personal moods and emotions. Most of these images are in the form of similes and is of the sensible analogy to the sensible which is the most artistic type of simile. Along with many similes, simple metaphors and allusions and common Persian proverbs also have been employed. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Functional of Epithets in Hafez’s Sonnets
        asghar shahbazi
        Epithets are attributes that, unlike attributes in the grammatical and logical sense, have many artistic and poetic functions, and in this way, cause the poetry language to be distinguished.Hafez is superior in the discovery, construction, and use of this type of epithe Full Text
        Epithets are attributes that, unlike attributes in the grammatical and logical sense, have many artistic and poetic functions, and in this way, cause the poetry language to be distinguished.Hafez is superior in the discovery, construction, and use of this type of epithets, but his artistic techniques have not been well studied yet, and as a result, most of the opinions on this subject are presented just about a few of his poems; so the present paper tried to examine this issue in Hafez’ sonnetsscientifically using the content analysis. According to this paper, it has been determined that Hafez has over 1400 descriptive compositions, 560 successor attributes, and 58 descriptive groups, from which more than 480 are epithets; that is, they have aesthetic function and made the language prominence. These epithets are analyzed in this paper based on the type of function, and it has been determined that the epithets of Hafez in his sonnets have the functions of beatification (Sarve Senoubarkharaam), uglification (Dajal Fe’l Molhedolshekl), magnification (Zabaane Atashin), metaphorical (Ashke ghammaz), sarcastic(Kootah Astinaan), simile (Dele senoubari) and allegory (Adame Beheshti). Since most of them are associated with a kind of innovation and fantasizing, they have cause the poetic language to be prominent and distinguished; therefore, Hafez is a great poet in this regard. This issue can be studied on literary masterpieces such as Shahnameh and Boostan by which the different epithets can be found in literary genres. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Side music in Sheikh Baha'i quatrains
        Leila adlparvar zeynab rahmanian
        Music is one of the most important pillars of poetry that makes it enjoyable. Music in poetry has different aspects such as inner music, exterior, and side. One of the aesthetic elements of the poem, especially the classical formats, is the use of side-by-side music tha Full Text
        Music is one of the most important pillars of poetry that makes it enjoyable. Music in poetry has different aspects such as inner music, exterior, and side. One of the aesthetic elements of the poem, especially the classical formats, is the use of side-by-side music that results from the repetition of poetic vocabulary at the end of each beat, especially rhyme and row. The poets try to come closer to their goal of expressing the poetic meanings, with respect to the connection between the music of the poem and other elements. In this descriptive and analytical study, the side music in Sheikh Baha'i poetry is examined. The results indicate that in the quatrains of Sheikh Baha'i there are pronouns of the nominal rhyme, the present verb which has a higher frequency of nominal rhyme than the other types of rhyme, and in the other quatrains the present tense has a higher frequency. Most rows are simple and one-part, and two-part and three-part rows are rarely used. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Critical review of Thirty-Qasida of Nasir Khusraw
        arash amraei
        It is essential for students and fans of Persian literature to read and know Persian classical literature and Nasir Khusraw’s Diwan one of them. Thirty-Qasida of Nasir Khusraw, therefore, as a fabulous piece of the Diwan is part of a textbook that students of Persian la Full Text
        It is essential for students and fans of Persian literature to read and know Persian classical literature and Nasir Khusraw’s Diwan one of them. Thirty-Qasida of Nasir Khusraw, therefore, as a fabulous piece of the Diwan is part of a textbook that students of Persian language and literature should study; so there are several books about this topic. One of these books is “Thirty-Qasida of Nasir Khusraw” gathered and written by Ali Asghar Halabi, published by Payame Noor University. Author of this book tried to prepare a textbook that helps students to figure out the lyrics on themselves through many explanations included within the book. Even if it is somehow helpful but surely needs reviews and editions. Since this book is an obligatory resource for many students in Payame Noor University, it is reviewed in this essay and bugs and slips of the textbook including semantic, punctuation, and typographical bugs and incorrect record lines (couplets) are mentioned. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Conceptual Metonymies in Kurdish Language According to Sherko Bekas Poetry: A Cognitive Approach
        Samad Aliaghayee Vahid Gholami sadegh mohammadi Adel Dastgoshadeh
        This investigation aims to study conceptual metonymies in Kurdish Language, based on cognitive approach. The data of the study are poems from the book; Now a Girl is my Homeland (2011), by Sherko Bekas, a contemporary Kurdish poet. The rate of relationship between every Full Text
        This investigation aims to study conceptual metonymies in Kurdish Language, based on cognitive approach. The data of the study are poems from the book; Now a Girl is my Homeland (2011), by Sherko Bekas, a contemporary Kurdish poet. The rate of relationship between everyday language spoken by Kurdish people and these conceptual metonymies, and also the frequency and variety of metonymies in Kurdish language according to Bekas poetry are the main questions in this study. Analyzing data is based on theories about conceptual metonymies presented by Lakoff and Johnson (1980), and Kovecses (2010). The results of the study show that, conceptual metonymies along with conceptual metaphors are used widely in Kurdish language and Bekas poetry. »Part-whole« and »container for contained« are the most common ones in these poems and accordingly in Kurdish Language. These metonymies are among everyday speech or to somehow they are adapted from Kurdish culture and language. Conceptual metaphor and metonymy are the main and the first theoretical frameworks in Cognitive Semantics. According to them, metaphor and metonymy are not just a matter of word, but they are about thought and reason. In all of conceptual metaphors mapping is primary, and they use a source domain language as a pattern for showing the target domain concepts. But, metonymy is a conceptual mapping in one domain, and one target concept is understood by another concept called source Manuscript Document