• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Similarity between Jalal Al-e- Ahmad and Sadro-al- Odaba of Isphahn's Thoughts
        qahraman shiri fatemeh hoshmandi yavar
        Sadr was a religious writer in the Constitutional Era, which nearly half a century before Jalal, in his literary analyses has suggested some inferences, reasons, and solutions that have wonderful similarities to Jalal's thoughts. His critiques including matters like the Full Text
        Sadr was a religious writer in the Constitutional Era, which nearly half a century before Jalal, in his literary analyses has suggested some inferences, reasons, and solutions that have wonderful similarities to Jalal's thoughts. His critiques including matters like the infatuation with Islamic covering, ethics, manners, politics, Western culture, the silence and seclusion of religious leaders about social changes and revolutions, the inability of schools and universities in not to be influenced by technology and colonization by Western colonizers, have a thorough similarity with Jalal's inferences. His use of narrative-analytical, and monophonic writings, and simple, and conversational language remind us of Jalal's writing style, and his solutions, to get rid of Westernization, are exactly the same as Jalal's. To him, these solutions include the return to the traditionalism and religious beliefs, because religion, more than anything else, has a very strong position among people, and can make them united. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Review of some Reverend Narratives of Attar for Teens
        sajad najafi behzadi masoomeh mehri ziba alikhani
        Mystical texts contain valuable concepts and messages for children and adolescents. Creative rewriting of these texts can familiarize children and adolescents with important mystical material. The purpose of this research is to compare the some of the narrative of Attar Full Text
        Mystical texts contain valuable concepts and messages for children and adolescents. Creative rewriting of these texts can familiarize children and adolescents with important mystical material. The purpose of this research is to compare the some of the narrative of Attar Neishabouri with its rewritten text from the collection of Mahdi Azar yazdi’s rewritings to understand the important principles of a creative rewriting. The research method is content and document analysis. By studying the stories from the original text and adapting them to the rewritten text, they are examined from the perspective of the elements of the story and the appropriate rewriting methods. The results showed that Azar yazdi was seeking to acquaint children with mystical texts by changing the mystical theme and turning it into an ethical theme. An increase in the number of characters, an increase in the element of conflict and dialogue, the expansion of spaces and incidents, and the change in the title of stories are one of the most important techniques that Azar yazdi has intended for rewriting. Presenting the story directly and not paying attention to the element of suspense is one of the weak points of the dramatic rewriting. Manuscript Document
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        3 - Analysis of reflection of Naser Khosrow's perspective and intellectual style in application of Verb
        fatemeh shikhbaqer mohajer ali sabaghi
        Abstract Naser Khosrow is one of the poets who have always been regarded by fans of Persian classical poetry due to his special viewpoint and different ideology. The authors believe that familiarity with Naser Khosrow's attitude and understanding world of his poetry is Full Text
        Abstract Naser Khosrow is one of the poets who have always been regarded by fans of Persian classical poetry due to his special viewpoint and different ideology. The authors believe that familiarity with Naser Khosrow's attitude and understanding world of his poetry is possible through linguistic analysis of his works; therefore, methodological-grammatical analysis of verbs in the first thirtieth odes of Naser Khosrow’s book of poems is addressed in this research. The questions that this article seeks to answer are: 1: What are the grammatical features of verbs used in Naser Khosrow's odes? 2: What is the relationship between frequency of features of verbs in Naser Khosrow's odes and his perspective and style and what the repetition of these features indicates? To answer these questions, the verbs of the thirtieth odes of the Naser Khosrow's book of poem (divan) were extracted inductively and grammatical features of the verbs were described. Then, the obtained data were examined and analyzed in a descriptive-analytical way. The result of present research indicates that the most commonly used person in the verbs inflection of odes is second person singular which arises from propaganda nature of Naser Khosrow's poem. In terms of time, the most frequent category of verbs belongs to simple present tense that shows the direct link of the poet to the subject of the word. The dominant mood of the verbs in the odes is indicative with active imperative voice which comes from the propaganda and committed nature of Naser Khosrow’s poem Manuscript Document
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        4 - Intertextual elements and the flood of mind in the works of Mahmoud Akbarzadeh and Mohammad Reza Shams
        maryam ghaffari jahed
        The current trend of modernism in Iran is a new phenomenon that has attracted the attention of some writers and has produced works that have been successful in some cases with the pattern of western literature. Given that modernism still has its place in the fictional Full Text
        The current trend of modernism in Iran is a new phenomenon that has attracted the attention of some writers and has produced works that have been successful in some cases with the pattern of western literature. Given that modernism still has its place in the fictional literature of Iran as it should be, its entry into the child's literature can hardly be accepted. On the one hand, the authors' lack of attention to the childhood and adolescent age and the tendency to ambiguity make it impossible to understand the concept of the text for this group. In this study, with the aim of understanding the modernist features of child literature in recent decades and aspects of the authors' innovation, Mahmoud Akbarzadeh and Mohammadreza Shams have been focusing on the use of modern elements with an emphasis on the intertextuality and fluidity of the mind, and we conclude that Mahmoud Akbarzadeh in the field of modern scriptwriting , Has innovations, and most of the intertextual elements in his work are Faradastan and folklore, and in some cases, the fluid flow of mind is used to narrate the story. Mohammad Reza Shams' intertextual elements also include folk beliefs, folklore and myths, and have abundantly flowed from the fluid flow of mind. Therefore, his works are more complex than those of Mahmoud Akbarzadeh. : Manuscript Document
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        5 - Analysis of structural features and linguistic techniques "Khosrow's Story" by Abdolhossein Vojdani
        hamzeh  mohammadi dahcheshmeh farzad mohammadi
        Abdolhossein Vojdani,one of Iran's most prominent writers,views his contemporary political,cultural and social developments in his stories.In his works,it is easy to see the many manifestations of culture,identity, morality,peoples,religion,which is in line with the na Full Text
        Abdolhossein Vojdani,one of Iran's most prominent writers,views his contemporary political,cultural and social developments in his stories.In his works,it is easy to see the many manifestations of culture,identity, morality,peoples,religion,which is in line with the nature of the people of Iran.The story of"Khosrow The third story from the collection of the story of"Amugholam"is the only collection of the story of Vojdani.This story is narrated from the first person,but the character of the narrator is colored against the main character of the story,Khosrow.The narrator,who had also been in class at the elementary level with Khosrow,once sees him on the street;"The opium drink had made that fearless milk a terrible skeleton" Then he recounts his youthful memories And in the story of the story,it brings in the theme of this work,which is one of the socio-cultural problems of our time and the harmful and harmful effects of addiction And at the end,he recommends that the bad guy should be avoided.Since the story reflects important social issues in each period and time, this research has been analyzed and criticized by descriptive and content analysis methodology,"Khosrow's Story"by Abdolhossein Vojdani And by examining the social structure of this work, its linguistic features and delicacies,as well as the author's particular writings for his purpose.The results of the research show that Vojdani,using literary capacities and linguistic techniques such as simile, poetry, satire, slang expressions, has been able to accompany the reader of the story with him and the final message (the effect of a bad companion). Manuscript Document
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        6 - Reflections of literary traditionalism in shafies poem
        yaghub noruzi javad khalili
        Reflections of literary traditionalism in shafies poem Shafies profound knowledge about iranian classic literature and his continuous investigation on this literature cause a vast influnce from convention.this influnce is abvious in two dimention:deep structure and sur Full Text
        Reflections of literary traditionalism in shafies poem Shafies profound knowledge about iranian classic literature and his continuous investigation on this literature cause a vast influnce from convention.this influnce is abvious in two dimention:deep structure and surface stracture.we can see influnce in poetic languge : idioms ,words and terms and in poetic imagery.as well as in themes,content and poetic motifs clear influnce of conventions.shafiei in a more instancs bring a distich and semistich from classic iranian poets.in some case loan a words ,phrases and terms from themes and sometimes bring a them af classic poets in his poems.imagery is one of the other aspect that poet influnced by classic iranian poets.Our goal in this article is to examine all aspects of this impact and attention to the tradition. To this end, all of the items mentioned in Shafi'i poetry were investigated and illustrated by these influences and tendencies toward tradition Manuscript Document
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        7 - Analyzing the moral teachings of Jami Selsela-Al-ZahabMasnavi
        barat mohammadi maryam haddad ghanshan
        Abdo-al-Rahman Jami is the prolific poet of the ninth century AH following his previous poets in teaching, mystical and lyricalliterature. In this article, his Selsela-Al-ZahabMasnavihave been studied in terms of educational topics and moral teachings. As a result of Full Text
        Abdo-al-Rahman Jami is the prolific poet of the ninth century AH following his previous poets in teaching, mystical and lyricalliterature. In this article, his Selsela-Al-ZahabMasnavihave been studied in terms of educational topics and moral teachings. As a result of this review, it can be seen that Jami as a mystic and religious preacher hadtried to teach all the religious and moral teachings to the audience. He also appeared as a sociologist in the community and had tried to convey moral teachings to the audiencethrough unstable social,religious and mysticalcriticismof his community. His teaching is along with critical thinking and have been observed with allegorical tale directly or indirectly. His critical visionmostly towards the vanity hypocriticalSufis which destroyedhuman morality by vanity of religion. Kings have been considered in the third book and Jami had taught the morals through anecdotes and stories. Manuscript Document
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        8 - A man in a cage summarizes naturalism
        Neda nabizadeh ardebili
        As a literary school, in the middle of the nineteenth century, naturalism opened up a new hinge to the artist in France, where the hero of the story was no longer a romantic man, not even a realist man, but a more humane, more subtle human being than that It can even b Full Text
        As a literary school, in the middle of the nineteenth century, naturalism opened up a new hinge to the artist in France, where the hero of the story was no longer a romantic man, not even a realist man, but a more humane, more subtle human being than that It can even be in the outside world; that is, an animal in the form of a human being that manifests itself in particular in difficult circumstances. This school has come to be found all over the world, among which Sadegh Chubak is one of the emblems who have been kidnapped by others in drawing up a jade-filled atmosphere from Jabrust. In this article, which analyzes the style of Chubak, we sought to discover the naturalistic elements in Chubak's story. The result of the study shows that almost all the principles of this school in the works of Chubak can be seen as determinism, Yas and Vanamidi, followed by absurdism, the use of colloquial language, anti-morality, religious unreliability, the cost of living animals And in contrast to the degradation of a human-animal-level human being, he is one of the characteristics that he finds in most of his stories. But in the meantime, the story of "Man in a Cage," he extracts all the features of the school of naturalism, which we have examined in this article Manuscript Document