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No 3
Vol. 3 No. 2
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The aim of structuralism in literature is to analyze texts and literary genres, and to examine the external parameters involved in the formation of a literary genre. The structuralists have introduced guidelines to describe writers' works, have introduced aesthetic aspects of works and have compared them with other works. They have also criticized works with a focus on the power of literary figures. The classical literary works require such studies more than contemporary works. As such, this article examines Nafsa tul-Masdoor from a structural perspective, and it analyzes the external parameters (social, political values, intellectual foundations of the writer, the history will) as well as internal parameters (form, technique and content) involved in the formation of this work. The figure of speech in Nafsa tul-Masdoor is technical and the literary studies to date have been limited to description and exposition. I hope this structural work help scholars although the data are limited.
Keywords : Nafsa tul-Masdoor, structuralism, form, technique, contect
Shams Tabrizi's psychosomatic personality can solve many of the nodes, ambiguities and prejudices about his personality. The character of Shams Tabrizi, like many elders and mystics, has been unusual, obscure and unpredictable, and there is no doubt that no one can recognize him as it is, and this research is a step towards understanding some of his features and can not be said Doing such research will reveal all of his personality traits. And this is not unusual for someone like Shams. In this research, using a trait-based approach in personality and relying on the 5-factor theory of McCarry and Costa, bringing witnesses of examples of the behavior and characteristics of Shams from various sources to the characterization of Shams. In this research, What was shams What were his psychological characteristics? How was it behaving in different situations? Etc. are answered. Since Shams's contradictions are contradictory and due to his inner and epistemic conditions, as well as the variability of his behavior in relation to external situations, one can not definitely comment on his personality traits. But with all these interpretations, the achievements of this research show that the characteristics The personality of Shams Tabrizi in this theory is as follows: In the components of extroversion and the inferiority of the personality of Shams Tabrizi in the middle of the continuum, that is, the characteristics of each of the poles is the factor of extroversion and neuroticism. In openness, consensus, and task forces, it became clear that Shams's personality is more in line with these factors. That is, he has personality traits such as: modest, heart, rest, loving, lawful, task-oriented, hard-working, devotionally free.
alireza atashzar
Keywords : Shams Tabrizi ، Character ، McCraey ، Costa ، Vikawa
This research is devoted to the Qur'anic attitudes of Ahmad Jam Namaghi (440-536) in education in accordance with Meftah-al-Najat. This paper, with an analytical-descriptive method, begins with a fresh look at the introduction of the other aspect of this ancient mystical work. The abundant use of the verses of the Quran in the text implies Ahmad Jam’s unbreakable connection to the Holy Qur'an and its implication.This article seeks to present the religious teachings and education of Ahmad Jam to express the Qur'anic interpretations and approaches of the Sheikh concerning the related points. The result of the research is that the author intends to express the Quranic and religious teachings in a simple way, without the mystical expressions that can be understood by a particular group. While sometimes he makes specific interpretations of the verses that contain his own reflections, thus inducing his thoughts in the context of these cultural teachings and religious teachings, as if occasionally he would force him to accept his words. Other features of this research are to pay attention to the Ahmad Jam's attitude toward doing good and forbidding.Contrary to the attitude that he has been introduced in some of his researches on the good and forbidding of hardened, in this work, he relying on the verses of repentance and good news encourages the readers to return sincerely to God. This, however, he protested strongly on the claims of the Tariqat and the innovator in religion.
- Abbas Mohammadian
Keywords : Holy Quran, ، Ahmad Jam, ، Meftah-al-Najat, ، education
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Sawanih- Al-Oshaq by Ahmad Gazali is the first Persian Sufi masterpiece written about Love. The writer has redefined love beyond its divine or earthly meaning and built a Sufi discourse with love as its central concept. This love discourse was followed and grown up by next writers such as Ruzbehan Baqli, who wrote Abhar-Al-Ashiqin. Complicated language and literary values caused the content of those treatises to be neglected, so in Persian Sufi research tradition these texts were introduced as poematic, personal treatises without a specified ideological frame. Utilizing the devices of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) such as " context of situation' and the analysis of ideational metafunction, has shown the declaratory and theoretical aspect of these two texts. Moreover, the formation of love discourse in 6th century A.H. was represented by comparing both texts.
azadeh sharifi
Keywords : Discourse relational process context metafunction love

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