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No 9
Vol. 9 No. 3
2021
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Shams Tabrizi's psychosomatic personality can solve many of the nodes, ambiguities and prejudices about his personality. The character of Shams Tabrizi, like many elders and mystics, has been unusual, obscure and unpredictable, and there is no doubt that no one can recognize him as it is, and this research is a step towards understanding some of his features and can not be said Doing such research will reveal all of his personality traits. And this is not unusual for someone like Shams. In this research, using a trait-based approach in personality and relying on the 5-factor theory of McCarry and Costa, bringing witnesses of examples of the behavior and characteristics of Shams from various sources to the characterization of Shams. In this research, What was shams What were his psychological characteristics? How was it behaving in different situations? Etc. are answered. Since Shams's contradictions are contradictory and due to his inner and epistemic conditions, as well as the variability of his behavior in relation to external situations, one can not definitely comment on his personality traits. But with all these interpretations, the achievements of this research show that the characteristics The personality of Shams Tabrizi in this theory is as follows: In the components of extroversion and the inferiority of the personality of Shams Tabrizi in the middle of the continuum, that is, the characteristics of each of the poles is the factor of extroversion and neuroticism. In openness, consensus, and task forces, it became clear that Shams's personality is more in line with these factors. That is, he has personality traits such as: modest, heart, rest, loving, lawful, task-oriented, hard-working, devotionally free.
alireza atashzar
Keywords : Shams Tabrizi ، Character ، McCraey ، Costa ، Vikawa
From the aspects that appear to be very interesting and exquisite in explaining the artistic poetic theory of nezami , poet's poetry is a factor in creating poetry and creating poetry. The point that, in the view of theorists and early and late, has been less explicitly discussed. In this area, the extraction of references from Ganjavi showed that, like all other aspects of his thoughts, he has a well-documented framework and detailed and logical theories. He tries, in addition to using these views and findings, in the field of practice, to examine their theoretical foundations as the instructions of the work of the poets for the use of other speakers. It is noteworthy that many of the factors from the distant past to the views of contemporary modern theorists have been raised as a source of supply of poetry, which are widely distributed in Ganjawis poetry, which is extracted and The compilation of a part of poetry theory shows the poet.
morad ali vaezi - mehdi okhravi - sayyed mahdi rahimi
Keywords : Nizami Ganjavi ، literary theor ، the creation of poetry ، poetry
Epithets are attributes that, unlike attributes in the grammatical and logical sense, have many artistic and poetic functions, and in this way, cause the poetry language to be distinguished.Hafez is superior in the discovery, construction, and use of this type of epithets, but his artistic techniques have not been well studied yet, and as a result, most of the opinions on this subject are presented just about a few of his poems; so the present paper tried to examine this issue in Hafez’ sonnetsscientifically using the content analysis. According to this paper, it has been determined that Hafez has over 1400 descriptive compositions, 560 successor attributes, and 58 descriptive groups, from which more than 480 are epithets; that is, they have aesthetic function and made the language prominence. These epithets are analyzed in this paper based on the type of function, and it has been determined that the epithets of Hafez in his sonnets have the functions of beatification (Sarve Senoubarkharaam), uglification (Dajal Fe’l Molhedolshekl), magnification (Zabaane Atashin), metaphorical (Ashke ghammaz), sarcastic(Kootah Astinaan), simile (Dele senoubari) and allegory (Adame Beheshti). Since most of them are associated with a kind of innovation and fantasizing, they have cause the poetic language to be prominent and distinguished; therefore, Hafez is a great poet in this regard. This issue can be studied on literary masterpieces such as Shahnameh and Boostan by which the different epithets can be found in literary genres.
asghar shahbazi
Keywords : Hafez’s sonnets, epithets, functional, beautification, uglification, magnification
This investigation aims to study conceptual metonymies in Kurdish Language, based on cognitive approach. The data of the study are poems from the book; Now a Girl is my Homeland (2011), by Sherko Bekas, a contemporary Kurdish poet. The rate of relationship between everyday language spoken by Kurdish people and these conceptual metonymies, and also the frequency and variety of metonymies in Kurdish language according to Bekas poetry are the main questions in this study. Analyzing data is based on theories about conceptual metonymies presented by Lakoff and Johnson (1980), and Kovecses (2010). The results of the study show that, conceptual metonymies along with conceptual metaphors are used widely in Kurdish language and Bekas poetry. »Part-whole« and »container for contained« are the most common ones in these poems and accordingly in Kurdish Language. These metonymies are among everyday speech or to somehow they are adapted from Kurdish culture and language. Conceptual metaphor and metonymy are the main and the first theoretical frameworks in Cognitive Semantics. According to them, metaphor and metonymy are not just a matter of word, but they are about thought and reason. In all of conceptual metaphors mapping is primary, and they use a source domain language as a pattern for showing the target domain concepts. But, metonymy is a conceptual mapping in one domain, and one target concept is understood by another concept called source
Samad Aliaghayee - Vahid Gholami - sadegh mohammadi - Adel Dastgoshadeh
Keywords : cognitive linguistics ، cognitive semantics ، conceptual metonymies ، Kurdish language ، Sherko Bekas ، ،
Music is one of the most important pillars of poetry that makes it enjoyable. Music in poetry has different aspects such as inner music, exterior, and side. One of the aesthetic elements of the poem, especially the classical formats, is the use of side-by-side music that results from the repetition of poetic vocabulary at the end of each beat, especially rhyme and row. The poets try to come closer to their goal of expressing the poetic meanings, with respect to the connection between the music of the poem and other elements. In this descriptive and analytical study, the side music in Sheikh Baha'i poetry is examined. The results indicate that in the quatrains of Sheikh Baha'i there are pronouns of the nominal rhyme, the present verb which has a higher frequency of nominal rhyme than the other types of rhyme, and in the other quatrains the present tense has a higher frequency. Most rows are simple and one-part, and two-part and three-part rows are rarely used.
Leila adlparvar - zeynab rahmanian
Keywords : Sheikh Baha'i, Side Music, Native Rhyme, Current Row

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